The Social Landscape

We had a lecture Nicolo Guidice where we were introduced to the theme of our project The Social Landscape.

Lateral Thinking‘ – Solving problems through an indirect and creative approach. We were asked what does this mean to us? It means to look at different ways, try new things and take risks whilst being as creative as possible. I will try and do this is in my work through out my degree. I will analyse my decisions and attempt to push the boundaries to come up with something new.

The Social Landscape is a project where we must identify something within the city and to create a group of pictures that relate to each other and to the quotes on our brief. I will look at society and brainstorm my ideas to come up with the topic I will chose to shoot. My initial thoughts were to photography some form of relationships between possibly old people or teenagers but I will brainstorm some ideas.

We looked at the camera and its origin. Learnt about Camera Obscura and how this was the original camera and how the camera was created from this.


Learned about Aperture – Small Light = Smaller Aperture, Big Light = Bigger Aperture

Basic functions of the camera Digital Sensor, The Lens, The Shutter, The Aperture

We looked at camera formats, film photography Small 35mm 6×4.5 6×6 6×9 6×12

Film cameras – Range finder camera SLR – Single lens reflex

Medium and Large formats for different cameras.


Prime vs Zoom Lens

Prime is a fixed angle lens , Zoom Lens can move


The process of exposing light sensitive material to the light so if you have low light you need more exposure and we do this by using Aperture and Shutter Speed

For example in a dark room we need a small aperture and a faster shutter speed to create the correct exposure. I will try this in my shoot and purposely pick a darker setting to be able to practice this technique.

ISO is the sensitivity to the light and sits behind the shutter speed. So if theres less light the ISO is more sensitive.

Higher ISO is more sensitive so a smaller aperture. If someone was moving or in a darker light then they need a faster shutter speed to create the correct exposure.

Light Meter

So you set the light meter at a chosen ISO then you can measure the amount of light chosen at a scene. It will then translate to give you the correct aperture / shutter speed. Your Aperture also controls the Depth of Field which is where your subject is in focus and how deep that is before it becomes blurry. A wider aperture (lower number) the more shallow depth of field. I will try this to try and keep the subject in focus but the background blurry to add the air of mystery. I need to print off the aperture stops and start to learn them in my mind.

The shutter speed – Slow vs Fast

1/s 1/25s 1/45 1/8s 1/15s 1/30s


1/125s 1/250s 1/500s 1/1000s – 1/1200s

The higher the number the faster the shutter speed with a slow shutter speed the movement is blurry so use a tripod. Faster shutter speed freezes the movement.

Aperture and settings F stops

the difference between 1/60s and 1/125s is “one stop”

Aperture difference between F8 to F11 is also “one stop”

The camera has a little gage that moves (internal light meter) and if thats on a minus then there is too much light and plus is not enough light.

ISO – if theres more light then you can give a lower ISO and when its dark you can give a higher ISO ( you can also shoot at night with 100 ISO and a slower shutter speed and a wider aperture. The higher the ISO the more noise in the picture.

Learning all of these principles I will go home and practice shooting on my camera and taking some shots trying to create different DOF and different lighting.